São Tomé and Príncipe is the second smallest and least-populous country in Africa. Located in the Gulf of Guinea, close to the equator, this West African country comprises two main islands, São Tomé and Príncipe, and was governed by Portugal until July 12, 1975, when it became an independent country.
São Tomé is a volcanic island. Its soil is perfect for growing crops like sugar, coffee, and cacao for making chocolate. São Tomé has amazing beaches, and many waterfalls and lagoons. One of São Tomé’s destinations, Lake Amélia, is in the forest, and despite what its name implies, it isn’t a lake at all but a web of roots over a volcano crater.